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Huíla

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Huíla

The province

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The first contacts of the Europeans with the region in the province of Huila occurred around the year 1627. About the year 1880, the Boers establish their first settlements in Humpata. In 885 the colony of Sá da Bandeira is founded by immigrants from Madeira.

On 2 December 1901 the district of Huila is founded, as a result of the split of the district of Moçamedes of which it was part. Thus, the capital was Sá da Bandeira. On  31 March 1923, Sá da Bandeira was elevated to the status of a city, when the railway eventually reached the central highlands.

 

Area

Huíla has an area of 75.002 square kilometres.

 

Distance in relation to other cities

 

Administrative Division

The province of Huila is made up of 13 municipalities that include:

Municípality Commune
Lubango Lubango (Headquartes)
Arimba
Huíla
Hoque
   
Quilengues Quilengues (Headquartes)
Dinde
Impulo
Caluquembe Caluquembe (Headquartes)
Calépi
Ngola
Caconda Caconda (Headquartes)
Cusse
Gungue
Uaba
Chipindo Chipindo (Headquartes)
Bambi
Kuvango Cuvango (Headquartes)
Galangue
Vincungo
Humpata Humpata (Headquartes)
Chibia Chibia (Headquartes)
Capunda-Cavilongo
Jau
Quihita
Gambos Chiange (Headquartes)
Chimbemba
Jamba Jamba (Headquartes)
Cassinga
Dongo
Chicomba Chicomba (Headquartes)
Cutenda
Quipungo Quipungo (Headquartes)
Matala Matala (Headquartes)
Capelongo
Mulondo
Micosse

 

Climate

The Huila province is all of it practically situated in the zone of alternated humid and dry cliamtes of the inter-tropical regions. The climate is generally tropical or hot (with an average annual temperature of 20 º C), but in the areas situated at a higher altitude the climate can be considered temperate as it is the case in Humpata, Tchivinguiro, Lubango, Kuvango, Quipungo and Caconda.

 

Population

The population of the province of Huila basically originates in six ethno-linguistic groups: the Nyaneka, Nkhwnbi, Umbundo, Nganguela, Tchokwe and the Herero. The population lives mainly on livestock and agriculture. The main language spoken in the region is the Olynyaneca-Nkumbi. Umbundo is also spoken.

 

Natural Resources

As to natural riches, highlight goes to gold, Diamond, kaoline, mica, black granite, uranium, magnesium and mineral water.