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Fri, 06 Dec 2019 11:33 - Updated Fri, 06 Dec 2019 11:33

Monetary poverty rate rises to 41 percent in Angola

Luanda - At least 41% of Angolans live below the monetary poverty line, representing an increase of around 4%, compared to the year 2008, which was of 37%.

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Monetary poverty rate rises to 41 percent in Angola

Photo: Quinito Bumba

Director-general of the National Statistics Institute (INE), Camilo Ceita (file)

Photo: Pedro Parente

The data can be found in the Final Report of the Expenditure and Revenue Survey (IDR/2018-2019), presented last Thursday, in Luanda, by the National Statistics Institute (INE).

From this number, roughly 5.3 million (30%) are poor people living in urban areas, and just over 6.6 million (57%) reside in rural areas.

According to the study, the total median income in Angola is 15,454.00 kwanzas/month, while the most frequent source of income is from official employment, which is around 9,735.00 kwanzas.

''In Angola, we have two evaluations, in terms of poverty: the multidimensional poverty, which deals with access to education, health, electricity, sanitation, among other factors. But today it was about monetary poverty, that is, the amount of money needed for each of us to meet our needs, both for food and non-food products,” explained  the INE General Director, Camilo Ceita.

Speaking to the press, the official pointed out the rural areas of the provinces in southern Angola, such as Cunene, Huila, Cuando Cubango and Namibe, as the ones with the greatest poverty incidence.

For the incidence of poverty in urban areas he mentioned the provinces of Cuanza Sul, Bié and Benguela, with an estimate of 60 per cent.

Compared to the other regions, Luanda stands out as the province with the lowest number of poor people, with an incidence rate of around 20%.

The country's poverty line is of 12,500 kwanzas per month, that is, twelve million Angolans earn below this figure to meet their basic food and non-food expenses, accounting for 41% per cent of the 30 million inhabitants,” he clarified.

  

He went on to disclose that in 2008 the county's poverty line was 4,500.00 Kwanzas, mentioning that there was significant increase, having also reiterated that the country must immediately define its poverty line.

When asked about the reason why the poverty rate increased, he mentioned, among others, the lack of jobs and infrastructures.

In addition to this report, the INE boss announced the publication in February 2020 of another multidimensional poverty data for all provinces of the country, bearing in mind that the Multidimensional Poverty Index at  municipal level was already presented this month.


At the time, INE Deputy Director Paulo Fonseca explained that the poverty line can only be calculated from the Expenditure and Revenue Survey conducted every 5 years, since 2008 was the last year these results were achieved.

''It was necessary to update the indicator that previously pointed to 37%'', he said.

The event that took place at the Dr. Maria Ferreira Amphitheater aimed to disseminate the Expenditure and Revenue Survey (IDR2018-2019).

Conducted throughout the national territory, the study lasted 12 months, beginning on March 5, 2018 and ending on February 5, 2019, with the purpose of collecting data on socio-demographic characteristics, education and vocational training, housing, possession, food security, employment, expenses and income, among others.

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